From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A rainbow of gangs: street cultures in the mega-city. Going down to the barrio: homeboys and homegirls in change. Violence girl: East L.
Acronyms and abbreviations by the Free Online Dictionary". Retrieved January 23, In memory of a home boy. People of the state of California v. BANH: Smart. We had one near our house on 16th and Main.
We would go there at night and climb over fence at night and take whatever military equipment we wanted. They did not have bazookas or tanks but they had leggings, ammunition belts, knap sacks, and pilot hats. They had crates of water purifier and which were these little white capsules. Of course we did not need them but they made popping noises. So we had popper fights.
The army equip- ment we would use on our hikes. We wore the uniforms and we found cartridges, different pills, vapor [ Everyone took off their shoes. Street socialization. We as teenagers we were four guys. I was medium hued, the other three were dark and we went west of Coliseum.
Inner city where I grew up on Maple—west of Coliseum—and the color of the people were white and whiter as we would travel outside. We would travel, swim, boat, and skate. I taught about this time. The war, anti-Vietnam movement, the Chicano movement. I was a Mexican hippie. During that same time period of my political in- volvement and personal changes I got a divorce from [my] wife of 10 years. I had to work to support my four kids; however, my political involvement got me fired as a high school teacher at Norwalk high school.
Just at this time I started to go to graduate school. It was a special outreach program and after I finished my first MA in social sciences [and an] MA [in] anthropology. They failed to fire me. It did help that I got a Republican attorney. He was male and mixed in with the administration.
He had ties, was a regular with the popular governor [Ronald Reagan], that actually became a very popular presi- dent. So, those events of the s really deepened my interest in the issues of the episodes that I mentioned when I was a kid growing up on the streets having those racist episodes. Then I began working as a youth counselor and those kids were experiencing those same things. I became their champion; I went to court with them and I helped them emotionally by trying to teach them boxing, sports, and reading.
So I have an interest in history, and I still do! I started getting more dedicat- ed and more disciplined about graduate school, of which I finished in the middle s, but once I lost that job in public high school, I got a job teaching college at Chaffey College in Rancho Cucamonga, CA and I taught there for over 10 years. I got my PhD in , and for five of those years [that I had been teaching] I had my PhD and I applied to any job that opened at any place, not just in California, but in the Midwest, back East and I never got invited to make a presentation. I was working on my book during the summers and I looked forward to the weekends and summers because that was the only time I had.
And of course as an activist, young adult, continued activist, as a scholar, and writer making my position clear as opposed to other experts and so- called PhD experts and I think that are not as in tune with what the street and educational experiences offer. So that kind of got me involved in the reason that I shifted to anthro- [ I was teach- ing at UCLA, mostly freshman Chicano studies helping them inte- grate them into the university and teaching eastern LA Extension courses and that was from to I had been bounced out of the high school so I had to go find another job. I went, got interviewed, had my resume and no bites, no invitations, and then I went to Chaffey College and by coincidence the personnel director there was my college physiology teacher at Cerritos College.
Blah blah blah. I had already had an MA and already got another one soon after that and of course my PhD so I have credentials: elementary, junior high, standard, secondary, you name it. So I went through the whole gamut of educational training and experience to help inform me in my re- search. And then again I wrote my first book in and then after that when I applied, everybody invited me. So I went to USC in and I got that job and I stayed there for 15 years because eventually I got to know the academic people there and eventually they got to see my book and my articles and they hired me and I got tenure there.
What were the pivotal works that inspired you? Were these works anthro- pological texts or from other fields? Who were the notable people that you looked up to in this field? Or did you forge your own academic path? Moore was my mentor.
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I had finished that by then. Tom Wisener helped, but I was an older graduate student and I was work- ing. I was on a small fellowship. I loved them and I read their work.
So the book and chapter of the book by Leslie White, The Science of Culture, where the last chapter deals with culture and energy. The theory is kind of Marxian, Leslie was never a Marxian, as he was [ In his chapter [he] talks about the idea of cul- ture and the elaboration and statistics behind it and its growth is tied in with our ability to capture energy. In other words, the domestica- tion of plants, reliance on other techniques, and tools. And we capture more energy to feed more people then we become big cities. Evolu- tion.
So his chapter on culture and energy was extremely pivotal to my intellectual development. I became one of her researchers. She was like a very strong influ- ence on my gang research. Tom Wisener was there for all around support. So I would go to the bookstore and look around for books I could read. Historians at UCLA were all fuddy duddies. A couple of them maybe were progressive but in anthropology the guys were way out there. They were willing to be intellectual risk takers in anthropology where the historians always played their cards close to the vest.
You gotta have the facts.
Loco and the Rocking Jalapenos band. He hooked me up with the fellowship and I got enough to support myself and chil- dren because the job I had at the community college was just half time. I was in survival mode. And I did find that I did [not] make a lot of money. No savings. No other resources, just 25 bucks left. I had two kids by then. We picked something, we engaged in ideas and like to teach. Did you get this reception as well? What were the barriers to studying anthropology in LA be they pro- fessional, institutional, or individual?
Indiana Jones. They just know about archaeology and physical anthropology or biological anthropol- ogy as they call it today.